Uganda Aids Commission Warns of Rising HIV in Hoima City Amid Oil Commercialization

Dr Nelson Musoba, the Director General of Uganda Aids Commission. PHOTO/COURTESY


  • The Uganda Aids Commission warns of increased HIV/AIDS infections in Hoima City due to the upcoming commercialization of oil and gas, with workers leaving spouses behind and engaging in risky behaviors.

HOIMA, (Examiner) – The Uganda Aids Commission has issued a warning regarding the potential surge in HIV/AIDS infections in Hoima City, as Uganda advances toward the commercialization of its oil and gas resources.

Dr. Nelson Musoba, Director General of the Commission, delivered the cautionary message during a press briefing at Parliament following discussions with legislators from the Committee on Commissions, Statutory Authorities, and State Enterprises (COSASE).

Dr. Musoba emphasized that the prevalence of HIV is often influenced by the activities occurring in various regions. With the imminent commencement of commercial oil production in Hoima City, many workers are expected to leave their spouses behind and engage in interactions with individuals whose HIV status may be unknown, thereby increasing their susceptibility to the virus.

“In Hoima, with the anticipated start of oil production in the city, many workers will leave their spouses at home to engage in activities in the oil sector, potentially heightening their risk of contracting the virus through casual sexual encounters. Therefore, the government must prepare for this,” Dr. Musoba stated.

Currently, based on 2023 data, Fort Portal City holds the highest HIV prevalence rate, followed by Mbarara City and the Northern corridor, particularly along the highways, according to the Uganda Aids Commission.

ALSO READ: Masindi District Ranks Second in HIV/AIDS Prevalence in Bunyoro, After Hoima

Dr. Musoba also expressed concern regarding the elevated HIV prevalence rate among young people and individuals aged 40-50 years, attributing this trend to cross-generational sexual relationships that place young girls at a heightened risk of infection due to their limited ability to negotiate safe sex practices.

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Here are the detailed prevalence rates across Bunyoro:

  • Hoima city: 6.7%
  • Masindi District: Slightly lower than Hoima
  • Kibaale District: 5.2%
  • Kiryandongo District: 4.2%
  • Hoima District (excluding the city): 4.2%
  • Kagadi District: 4.3%
  • Kikuube District: 4.3%
  • Kakumiro District: 3.6%
  • Buliisa District: 3.5%

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